политология / political science / politikas zinātne
I. About myself
III. My Works
IV. Works of Latvian Researchers
II. Political Science in Latvia
Political science is a branch of social science that deals with the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behavior. Political science is often described as the study of who gets what, where, when and why. Discovering a proper balance between the individual, the society and its Government for civilization and human progress is paramount.
Fields and subfields of political science include political theory and philosophy, civics and comparative politics, theory of direct democracy, apolitical governance, participatory direct democracy, national systems, cross-national political analysis, political development, international relations, foreign policy, international law, politics, public administration, administrative behavior, public law, judicial behavior, and public policy. Political science also studies power in international relations and the theory of Great powers and Superpowers.
Political science is methodologically diverse. Approaches to the discipline include classical political philosophy, interpretivism, structuralism, and behavioralism, realism, pluralism, and institutionalism. Political science, as one of the social sciences, uses methods and techniques that relate to the kinds of inquiries sought: primary sources such as historical documents and official records, secondary sources such as scholarly journal articles, survey research, statistical analysis, case studies, and model building.
Political scientists study the allocation and transfer of power in decision-making, the roles and systems of governance including governments and international organizations, political behavior and public policies. They measure the success of governance and specific policies by examining many factors, including stability, justice, material wealth, and peace. Some political scientists seek to advance positive theses by analyzing politics. Others advance normative theses, by making specific policy recommendations.
Political scientists provide the frameworks that journalists, special interest groups, politicians, and the electorate analyze issues. Political scientists may serve as advisers to specific politicians, or even run for office as politicians themselves. Political scientists can be found working in governments, in political parties or as civil servants. They may be involved with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) or political movements. In a variety of capacities, people educated and trained in political science can add value and expertise to corporations. Private enterprises such as think tanks, research institutes, polling and public relations firms often employ political scientists.
In the Republic of Latvia students can study political science and international relations academic disciplines in four high schools:
The Bachelor programme is 3 years long, the Master programme - 2 years, the Ph.D. programme - 3 years (only in LU and RSU).
In 2003 began its work the Latvian Association of Political Scientists, whose members are distinguished professors and scholars from all the state. Chair - Mrs. Žaneta Ozoliņa, Professor in International Politics in the Department of Political Science of the University of Latvia.
International Association for Political Science Students (IAPSS): http://www.iapss.org/
International Political Science Association (IPSA): http://www.ipsa.org/site/
American Political Science Association (APSA): http://www.apsanet.org/
European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR): http://www.essex.ac.uk/ecpr/
Association Française de Science Politique (AFSP): http://www.afsp.msh-paris.fr/
Russian Political Science Association: http://www.rapn.ru/
Author: E. Chernov